PHA 5270 Health Care and Patient Safety 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Provides an overview of applicable federal, state, local, and health and safety laws relevant to the practice of health care risk management and patient safety.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 5270

PHA 5271 Health Care Risk Management 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Introduction to the concept of risk management in health care settings, describing its development, role of the health care risk manager, and connection between risk management, quality improvement and corporate compliance.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 5271

PHA 6186 Pharm Outcomes/Policy Found 1 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

This course is part of a two-course series, designed to provide students with an overview of drug discovery, development, approval, marketing, regulation, and use in the United States. Course I focuses on drug discovery, clinical trials, and the FDA approval process.

Prerequisite: Status as a Graduate Student, PharmD student or Post Baccaulareate student.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6186

PHA 6187 Pharm Outcomes/Policy Found 2 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

This course is part of a two-course series, designed to provide students with an overview of drug discovery, development, approval, marketing, regulation, and use in the United States. Course II focuses on drug marketing, use, and public policy.

Prerequisite: Status as a Graduate Student, PharmD student or Post Baccaulareate student.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6187

PHA 6211 Managed Care Pharmacy Operations 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

This course delves into the complex business and clinical operations of managed care organizations and pharmacy benefit managers. Students will be exposed to both strategic and tactical aspects of these organizations. The course explores industry operational practices including, performance/quality measures, compliance, pharmaceutical, pricing/discounts, and claims system functionality. Current market events are incorporated into the learning and discussion structure

Prerequisite: PHA 6276.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6211

PHA 6213 Advanced Case Studies in Managed Care Pharmacy 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

This course probes deeply into the most complex problems facing managed care pharmacy. Students will complete case study assignments that illustrate a real and current challenge facing managed care pharmacy programs today. This process will simulate situations encountered by professionals working within managed care organizations, consultancies, and the biopharmaceutical industry.

Prerequisite: PHA 6276.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6213

PHA 6227 Institutional Pharmacy Leadership I 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Addresses leadership topics relevant to institutional pharmacy with an emphasis on case study analysis. Topics include leading people, leading the pharmacy enterprise, leading change and innovation, providing leadership in safety and quality, and information technology and systems.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6227

PHA 6228 Institutional Pharmacy Leadership II 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Addresses leadership topics relevant to institutional pharmacy with emphasis on case-study analysis. Topics include leadership in effective financial management, building presence with executive leadership, leading for results, and gaining leadership skills through self-development.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6228

PHA 6246 Medication Safety & Technology 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

This course provides an overview of medication safety technology used in healthcare today, including barcode medication administration, computerized provider order entry, automated dispensing cabinets, infusion smart pumps, clinical decision support, robots and IV workflow technology. Discussions will surround the function and purpose of the technology, how it improves safety, how people circumvent the safety features, and real-world medication events that occurred while using the technology.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6246

PHA 6250 Patient Responsibility in Health Care 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

This course examines the ways in which patients can accept responsibility for promoting good outcomes of the therapeutic modalities that the health care professionals and institutions provide. The focus is on how patients can foster a productive relationship with health care providers and institutions, and how they can participate actively in efforts to prevent failures of quality in the provision of health care.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6250

PHA 6264 Pharmacoeconomics and Health Technology Assessment 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Introduction to major analytical techniques used in economic evaluation of medical technologies.

Prerequisite: STA 6200 or STA 6126 or equivalent, HSC 6506 or 5103 or equivalent, or consent of instructor.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6264

PHA 6265 Introduction to Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy I 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Introduces students to the breadth of research issues in Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, including legal, educational, regulatory and financial aspects of medication use; patient and provider behavior in medication use; the structure of pharmaceutical supply chain; and patient safety and risk management.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6265

PHA 6266 Introduction to Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy II 2 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Introduction to drug distribution systems, pharmacoepidemiology, economic evaluation of drugs, and databases regarding medication use.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6266

PHA 6268 Pharmacoepidemiology and Patient Safety 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Exposure to research methodologies in pharmacoepidemiology relevant to drug safety, drug effectiveness, and outcome assessment.  Emphasizing observational study designs, including patient follow-up studies, case-control and cohort designs.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6268

PHA 6269 Pharmaceutical Products and Public Policy 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Relationships among pharmaceutical manufacturers, institutions, managed care, professions, and the public. The government's role in assuring high quality pharmaceutical products and services. Quality controls managed by the public and by industry. Congressional oversight of medication development, production, and use.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6269

PHA 6273 Structure, Process and Outcomes of Regulation I 2 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Emphasizes the role of the legislative, executive and judicial branches of state and federal government in the establishment of standards for pharmacy practice and drug distribution. It also places special emphasis on the administrative rule making process. Additionally, the course focuses on the purpose of government agencies, the approach to standards setting by each type of agency, and the effects of regulation on public health.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6273

PHA 6274 Federal Regulations of Drugs and Pharmacy 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

The Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, regulations promulgated by the Food and Drug Administration, and judicial interpretations of controversies in this area. Federal regulation of drug research, new drug approval, drug marketing and drug distribution. The balance sought by the FDA and other federal agencies in the protection of the public from unsafe and/or ineffective drugs, without unnecessarily restricting access to therapies.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6274

PHA 6275 Federal Regulations of Controlled Substances 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

The Federal Controlled Substances Act, regulations promulgated by the Drug Enforcement Administration, and judicial interpretations of controversies in this area. The "closed-system" of controlled substance distribution created under federal law. Federal restrictions on the manufacture, distribution and use of drugs that are subject to abuse. Treatment programs for the disease of addiction.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6275

PHA 6276 Pharmacy Benefit Design & Management 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

An overview of managed care pharmacy, focusing on the structure and function of the prescription benefits management within health plans and PBMs and the role of pharmacists with a managed care pharmacy department.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6276

PHA 6277 Ethics in Drug Development Production and Use 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Governments, health professionals, patients and research institutions look to the field of ethics for guidance on how decisions should be made in the treatment of patients and in research. A process for ethical decision making. Basic theories and principles of biomedical ethics, with emphasis on utilitarianism. Application of principles to subjects such as informed consent, abortion/contraception, physician-assisted dying, experimentation with human subjects, and confidentiality.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6277

PHA 6278 State Regulation of Drugs and Pharmacy 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

State, federal, and nongovermental regulation of health care professions and practice sites. Regulatory responses to professional misconduct. Role of professional self-regulation. Consumerism and state regulation.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6278

PHA 6279 Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy Seminar 1 Credit, Max 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: S/U

Development, reasons for, and possible approaches to resolving a contemporary issue in health outcomes or policy. Students analyze particular aspects of the issue and present results for class discussion.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6279

PHA 6280 Medicare and Medicaid 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Costs and financing of Medicare and Medicaid. Eligibility, program administration, benefits, and relationships between state and federal agencies.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6280

PHA 6283 Commercial Applications of Pharmacoeconomics 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Fundamental methods of pharmacoeconomic analysis. Focuses on the theory, methods, and application of technology assessment in health care. Applications will be drawn from a variety of health care settings, including pharmaceuticals.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6283

PHA 6286 Pharmaceutical Microeconomics 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Introduction to basic microeconomic principles as they are applied to pharmaceuticals. Elucidation of the economic tools and the fundamental concepts of choice, opportunity costs, supply and demand, elasticity, utility maximizing behavior, competition, monopolies and oligopolies in the healthcare market.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6286

PHA 6287 Pharmaceutical Health Economics 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Examines economic principles and issues of health care and pharmaceuticals in the United States. Topics examined include health care structure and financing, market failures, human capital, and producer and consumer behavior.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6287

PHA 6288 Critical Review of Research Methods 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Research design and methodology utilized in clinical research with a focus on understanding each component of the research process, including how to formulate a research question, develop hypotheses, analyze instruments, collect relevant data, data analysis, and critically interpret the results, while preserving the ethical guidelines for human subject research.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6288

PHA 6289 Regulating Clinical Research 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Introduces history and current regulatory environment of human subjects research as a background to regulatory frameworks and contemporary issues structuring the development of clinical medical research, including federal regulations of Departments of Health and Human Services and those of the Food and Drug Administration, as well as non-federal sources of regulation.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6289

PHA 6476 Advanced Combinatorial Chemistry in Drug Discovery 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Designed to introduce students combinatorial chemical synthesis to fully understand the functions and mechanism of action of biopolymers for medical purpose.

Prerequisite: Students are expected to have previous knowledge on general chemistry and organic synthesis.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6476

PHA 6717 Measurement in Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy Research 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

This course covers measurement of health outcomes as ascertained from real-world data, including patient-reported outcomes and clinical and administrative databases. Additionally, we address strategies for identifying biases arising from misclassification of exposure, outcomes and confounders, as well as approaches to mitigate such biases, including missing data problems and time-related biases in measurement and study design.

Prerequisite: PHC 6053 or equivalent and PHA 6891 or equivalent.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6717

PHA 6791 Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses for Pharmaceutical Interventions 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

The purpose of this course is to enable students to be able to participate in and complete systematic reviews for pharmaceutical interventions and to complete meta-analyses. Students will learn how to build a team, formulate research questions and hypotheses, develop search strategies, and abstract, collect and report data. Students who complete this course will understand the importance of systematic reviews in making clinical and policy decisions in health care.

Prerequisite: PHA 6793 (or its equivalent) and prior graduate-level statistics coursework or undergraduate level applied statistics. Students without prior statistics courses may be required to take PHA 6935 Quantitative Methods in Evidence-Based Pharmacy.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6791

PHA 6793 Evidentiary Basis of Pharmaceutical Use 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

The overall goal of the course is to familiarize students with methods and tools to evaluate the medical literature. Students will be exposed to an array of study designs and analytic methods. In clinical cases, students evaluate strengths and weaknesses of the published literature and use evidence to support their recommendations about the appropriate use of pharmaceuticals.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6793

PHA 6795 Quantitative Methods in Evidence-Based Pharmacy 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

This course introduces a range of quantitative methods used in the pharmacy and medical literature. The course topics include study designs, hypothesis testing, sampling, between group comparisons, correlations, regressions, and more. In this course, students develop the ability to critically evaluate methods used in quantitative research; thus, enabling students to apply evidence to the practice of pharmaceutical outcomes and policy.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6795

PHA 6796 Study Design in Pharmaceutical Outcomes & Policy Research 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Methods for evaluation and improvement of drug therapy outcomes including critical appraisal of drug and clinical service literature with special focus on patient and medication safety.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6796

PHA 6797 Applied Pharmaceutical Research Communications 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

This course will describe the concept of pharmaceutical value from the viewpoint of the health care provider, the consumer, and the payer. Students will learn about various types of medical research communications for each audience and their applicable rules and regulations. This is an applied class where students will produce portions of a variety of medical research communications, culminating in a portfolio of work suitable for sharing in a job interview.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6797

PHA 6798 The Use and Abuse of Statistics in Drug Regulation 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Explores statistical methods used to make inferences about data obtained in clinical trials. This course demonstrates how statistics are used to rule out the possibility that the conclusions of a research project are the result of chance. Potential problems in the use of statistics are reviewed. The course examines published research articles reporting results that are not supported by the statistical tools used in the described study. The student is taught how to engage in critical analysis of the statistics in a proposed scientific study.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6798

PHA 6799 Medication Safety & Quality Program Evaluation 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Explores the methodologies through which patient safety data are collected and evaluated. The use of existing databases on patient safety will be examined. The course includes design of a patient safety study, the evaluation of data, and the use of results from program evaluation to implement improvements to ongoing programs.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6799

PHA 6805 Applied Data Interpretation and Reporting of Findings in Pharmacy 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Develops research skills including generation of questions; hypotheses testing; and testing, interpretation, and reporting of findings.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6805

PHA 6806 Pharmacoeconomic Modeling 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Providing an introduction to methods and techniques for conducting pharmacoeconomic studies, including classifying disease, identifying pharmaceutical products from prescription claims, risk adjustment, practical decision analysis, Markov modeling, and indirect treatment comparisons.

Prerequisite: PHA 6283

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6806

PHA 6891 Introduction to Pharmacoepidemiology 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Explores basic epidemiology principles with a particular focus on how they are applied to pharmaceuticals. Provides a basic understanding of causation, measure disease occurrence and causal effect, biases in study design, data analysis and use of epidemiology in clinical settings.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6891

PHA 6892 Practices and Procedures of the IRB 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Describes the nuts and bolts of how Institutional Review Boards operate. Topics discussed include IRB membership, IRB authority, criteria for IRB approval of research or exemption from review, and suspension or termination of IRB approved research. The process of risk/benefit decision making is reviewed. The constituencies served by the IRB are examined. Current issues in IRB practice are discussed. Practical information about the week-to-week management of an IRB is explained.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6892

PHA 6893 Research Ethics 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Introduce the student to the ethical issues that must be addressed in clinical research with human subjects. It will include an introduction to the primary theories and methods of ethical reflection and analysis, the conceptual distinctions and continuities between ethical and legal / policy questions, and illustrate the background to current issues with selected cases from the history of human subjects research.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6893

PHA 6899 Advanced OB/GYN and Pediatric Pharmacoepidemiology 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Introducing the student to current drug safety issues in OB/GYN and pediatric drug treatment practice. The discussion will focus on methodological consideration specific to observational data research in these special populations, including but not limited to assessing drug exposure, small exposure populations, outcome validation of rare events, biases, confounding, data extraction from electronic health records, and primary source verification as relevant to pediatrics and OB/GYN.

Prerequisite: Biostatistics, Epidemiology Methods, and permission of the instructor

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6899

PHA 6910 Supervised Research 1-5 Credits, Max 5 Credits

Grading Scheme: S/U

Supervised Research

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6910

PHA 6935 Selected Topics in Pharmacy 1-4 Credits, Max 12 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Open to all departments in the College of Pharmacy.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6935

PHA 6936 Advanced Topics in Pharmaceutical Sciences 1-2 Credits, Max 4 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Written and oral presentation of research designs, protocols, papers, and critical appraisals with discussion and critical review of such topics.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6936

PHA 6937 Topics in Pharmaceutical Administration 2 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Analysis of special topics and recent developments in pharmaceutical administration, including innovations in the distribution of drugs and health-care services.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6937

PHA 6938 Research Seminar 1 Credit, Max 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Seminar required of graduate students in the College of Pharmacy.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6938

PHA 6940 Supervised Teaching 1-5 Credits, Max 5 Credits

Grading Scheme: S/U

Supervised Teaching

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6940

PHA 6971 Research for Master's Thesis 1-15 Credits

Grading Scheme: S/U

Research for Master's Thesis

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 6971

PHA 7807 Advanced Pharmacoepidemiology 3 Credits

Grading Scheme: Letter Grade

Structured as an interactive discussion of selected readings based on topics in contemporary pharmacoepidemiology and the application of advanced pharmacoepidemiology techniques.

Prerequisite: STA 6166 and STA 6167 and PHA 6717 and PHA 6805 and PHA 6268, or equivalents.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 7807

PHA 7979 Advanced Research 1-12 Credits

Grading Scheme: S/U

Research for doctoral students before admission to candidacy. Designed for students with a master's degree in the field of study or for students who have been accepted for a doctoral program. Not appropriate for students who have been admitted to candidacy.

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 7979

PHA 7980 Research for Doctoral Dissertation 1-15 Credits

Grading Scheme: S/U

Research for Doctoral Dissertation

Catalog Program Pages Referencing PHA 7980